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Roma Factsheet Hungary

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ROMA IN HUNGARY

RomaTravellers Team VisualID1 ENWe do not know exactly when Roma arrived in Hungary. In recent decades the historical literature has identified the earliest source relating to Roma as a document dating from 1416. The document indicates that Roma were already present in Transylvania around 1400. Roma arrived in the Balkan countries in the mid-14th century, moving on to Wallachia, where they are first mentioned in 1385. From Wallachia they migrated to Transylvania. In later centuries too, Roma came from the Romanian principalities to Transylvania and Hungary.  Sporadic references to persons named CiganCygan or Chygan or to villages named Zygan can be found in charters from the 13th–14th centuries. In the late 15th century and early 16th century, strengthening fortifications and manufacturing weapons were not the only forms of employment practiced by Roma, for some of them were musicians. By the late 16th century or the early 17th century, Roma had nevertheless reached all parts of Hungary.

 Immigration

Roma immigration started in 16th century and continued throughout  17th centuries and became even more significant in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Roma immigrants were Romani native speakers; they learnt Hungarian after their arrival in the country. Within several generations, their linguistic assimilation was complete and they no longer spoke Romani. Some smaller groups, however, preserved their knowledge of the language. In some counties some Roma continue to speak Romani (the Carpathian dialect) as well as Hungarian. (περισσότερα…)

HUNGARIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM

In Hungary, schools and kindergartens are established and maintained by the state, local governments, minority local governments, legal entities (foundations, churches, etc.) as well as natural persons. About 90 per cent of children attend public sector institutions.

The maintenance of the education system became more centralized.   In January 2013, the  state took over the maintenance of public education institutions (with the exception of kindergartens)from the local authorities. The Government established Klebelsberg Institution Maintenance Centre for the maintenance of these institutions. Local governments get contribution from the central budget to finance kindergarten education, they are responsible for the organisation of ECEC on their settlement. Minority governments are allowed to establish schools and teach in their own languages. (περισσότερα…)

LTTA 1 Hungary

LTTA 1 held at Gyorgy Vocational School Hungary from 22/11 to 26/11/2021

Title: New Roma generations are growing: inequalities, resources

Training schedule:

Day 1 – Introduction of participants: a brief welcome by the trainers and an activity allowing participants to get to know each other and to learn some elements about their specific work contexts. Presentation of the aims and objectives of the training, as well as some of the main elements behind the training approach. Education in Roma communities. Closing the gap between schools and families Assessing Roma students’ needs (περισσότερα…)

Association „Testvérvárosok Baráti Egyesülete”

The Association „Testvérvárosok Baráti Egyesülete” is situated in Jászberény, a region of central Hungary called Jászság. The town is located about 70 km from Budapest, the capital of Hungary, on the Zagyva river and it has the the highest number of Roma inhabitants of Hungary. The Association, which is a nonprofit organisation, was established in 2006 with the purpose to melt the twin cities of Jászberény into one organisation. It has contributed to maintain the several decades of friendship among the nine twin towns through different activities thus strengthening awareness of active European citizenship, solidarity, tolerance and social inclusion. (περισσότερα…)

Szolnoki Muszaki SZC Klapka Gyorgy Szakgimnáziuma és Szakközépiskolája

Our town is located in the middle of Hungary, about 100km from the capital, Budapest. Now six secondary schools belong to a school center. Our school has about 500 students at the secondary and adult levels of education, the school offers about 15 professions, e.g. waiters, cooks, cabinet makers, turners…etc. Our school includes vocational school, where they study for three years and ends in a professional examination and a four-year technical school with a matriculation examination.
Many of our students, mainly the Roma students are deprived from opportunities such as taking part in cultural life, intercultural exchanges and dialogue.

(περισσότερα…)

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