Αρχική » Άρθρα με ετικέτα 'Portugal'
Αρχείο ετικέτας Portugal
As implied by some of their most common local names, the native Portuguese Roma belong to the Iberian Kale (Kalos) group, like most of the fellow Lusophone Brazilian ciganos, and the Spanish Romani people, known as gitanos, that share their same ethnic group. Their presence in the country in and around Minho goes back to the second half of the 15th century when they crossed the border from neighbouring Spain. Early on, due to their sociocultural differences and nomadic lifestyle, the ciganos were the object of fierce discrimination and persecution.
The number of Roma in Portugal is difficult to estimate, since it is forbidden to collect statistics about race or ethnic categories in the country. According to data from Council of Europe‘s European Commission against Racism and Intolerance there are about 40,000 to 50,000 spread all over the country. According to the Portuguese branch of Amnesty International, there are about 30,000 to 50,000. The national High Commissioner for Migrations places the number at around 37,000.
Stages of the education system
Compulsory education lasts 12 years, between the age of six and 18 or until the conclusion of upper secondary education.
The Portuguese education system is divided in pre-school education (from the age of three until the start of basic education), basic education (6 to 15 years old) and upper secondary education (15 to 18 years old).
Pre-school education covers children from three years old up to the age of compulsory schooling (six years old). Attending pre-school education is optional.
- the first cycle corresponds to the first four years of schooling (grades one to four).
- the second cycle corresponds to the next two years (grades five and six).
- the third cycle lasts for three years and corresponds to lower secondary education (grades seven to nine).
The group of schools is composed of four elementary schools with kindergarten, one elementary school with classes from 5th to 9th years, and a secondary school, with 1876 students from preschool to secondary, 159 teachers and 48 educational action professionals. Our student audience belongs to a lower middle class, where 41 % of students receiving economic support, and 136 are disabled students. It is situated in the village of S. João da Talha in the suburbs of Lisbon. It has about 17,252 inhabitants (census 2011), spread over several neighborhoods. It is an urban village, where single-family dwellings or horizontal housing estates kind prevail. A small industry and trade are the dominant sectors. The majority of the population exerts its activity mainly in Lisbon and surroundings. (περισσότερα…)