Αρχική » Άρθρα με ετικέτα 'Roma'

Αρχείο ετικέτας Roma

Education of Roma Children

The Council of Europe began its involvement with the Roma in 1969 by adopting the first official text on the «situation of Gypsies and other Travellers in Europe». In 1983 the Council organised the first training seminar for teachers working with Roma children. In 1993 the Roma population was declared a European minority. (περισσότερα…)

Roma Factsheet Hungary

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Roma Factsheet Portugal

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Roma Factsheet Italy

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Roma Factsheet Greece

 

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Roma Factsheet Bulgaria

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Roma in Portugal

RomaTravellers Team VisualID1 ENThe Roma in Portugal, known in spoken Portuguese as ciganos, are a minority ethnic group. Exact numbers in the country are unknown—estimates vary from 30,000 to 50,000.

As implied by some of their most common local names, the native Portuguese Roma belong to the Iberian Kale (Kalos) group, like most of the fellow Lusophone Brazilian ciganos, and the Spanish Romani people, known as gitanos, that share their same ethnic group. Their presence in the country in and around Minho goes back to the second half of the 15th century when they crossed the border from neighbouring Spain. Early on, due to their sociocultural differences and nomadic lifestyle, the ciganos were the object of fierce discrimination and persecution.

The number of Roma in Portugal is difficult to estimate, since it is forbidden to collect statistics about race or ethnic categories in the country. According to data from Council of Europe‘s European Commission against Racism and Intolerance there are about 40,000 to 50,000 spread all over the country. According to the Portuguese branch of Amnesty International, there are about 30,000 to 50,000. The national High Commissioner for Migrations places the number at around 37,000.

History

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Roma in Italy, Roma in Reggio Calabria

RomaTravellers Team VisualID1 ENThe Roma Of Italy 

THE CONDITION OF ROMA, SINTI AND CAMINANTI COMMUNITIES IN ITALY

The Roma, Sinti and Caminanti (RSC) communities in Italy are characterized by the heterogeneity of the groups, by their linguistic-dialectal variety, as well as by different cultures. The various attempts over the years to promote integration, inclusion and their recognition as a minority (national or linguistic), confirm the complexity of the condition of Roma, Sinti and Caminanti. This status quo can be well understood, if we take into account the fact that when we talk about RSC communities, we are referring to: Italian citizens; foreign citizens belonging to other EU countries; foreigners, citizens of non-European countries; foreigners, who have been granted the right to asylum or subsidiary protection; (de facto) stateless people, born in Italy from de facto stateless people In particular, it should be borne in mind that, at present, the minority of RSC is not concentrated in a specific area of the national territory, but rather spread throughout the country. (περισσότερα…)

ROMA IN HUNGARY

RomaTravellers Team VisualID1 ENWe do not know exactly when Roma arrived in Hungary. In recent decades the historical literature has identified the earliest source relating to Roma as a document dating from 1416. The document indicates that Roma were already present in Transylvania around 1400. Roma arrived in the Balkan countries in the mid-14th century, moving on to Wallachia, where they are first mentioned in 1385. From Wallachia they migrated to Transylvania. In later centuries too, Roma came from the Romanian principalities to Transylvania and Hungary.  Sporadic references to persons named CiganCygan or Chygan or to villages named Zygan can be found in charters from the 13th–14th centuries. In the late 15th century and early 16th century, strengthening fortifications and manufacturing weapons were not the only forms of employment practiced by Roma, for some of them were musicians. By the late 16th century or the early 17th century, Roma had nevertheless reached all parts of Hungary.

 Immigration

Roma immigration started in 16th century and continued throughout  17th centuries and became even more significant in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Roma immigrants were Romani native speakers; they learnt Hungarian after their arrival in the country. Within several generations, their linguistic assimilation was complete and they no longer spoke Romani. Some smaller groups, however, preserved their knowledge of the language. In some counties some Roma continue to speak Romani (the Carpathian dialect) as well as Hungarian. (περισσότερα…)

Roma in Spain

RomaTravellers Team VisualID1 ENCurrently, Spanish society is a mosaic of historical and cultural realities with their own peculiarities, languages and peoples. In this multicultural context, it is necessary to make known that the Roma reality in Spain has six centuries of history and is very diverse.

The Roma people have been assimilating many of the cultural elements that have been found in the different territories that they have crossed in their way from India and, thanks to this, the current common culture is full of their contributions made both in the language, as trade, music, literature and many other arts.

Roma people are fully right citizens, in Spain and in the European Union. They have cultural features that are their own and share a common identity, which does not detract anything from their citizenship, but rather on the contrary, it implies wealth and added value for the society of which we are all part. (περισσότερα…)

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