Αρχική » Roma Inclusion » National Roma Integration – 2014 review Key steps taken since 2011

National Roma Integration – 2014 review Key steps taken since 2011

BULGARIA

Education

Two-year obligatory pre-schooling introduced with language training if needed.

Gradual introduction of all-day school.

In three years (2010-2013), a Bulgar­ian educational project has brought down the number of children who drop out of school by almost 80%

Employment

80-95 Roma mediators appointed in local employment offices.

Community Development Centres (CDC) promoting the employment of young people and women in margin­alised Roma communities were set up in 11 municipalities.

Job fairs targeted at the most disad­vantaged including Roma.

Health

Mobile medical units and mediators in areas where the majority lacks health insurance.

X-ray, immunisation of children, medi­cal and gynaecological exams, screen­ings and prevention of HIV and TB.

Health education and awareness-raising campaigns.

Increase in the number of Roma health mediators.

Housing

Launch of an EU co-financed hous­ing initiative to provide quality homes within an integrated approach (ad­dressing also employment, education and health challenges simultaneously) for Roma people in 4 municipalities (Burgas, Dupinitsa, Vidin, Devnya). The municipalities of Varna, Peshtera and Tundzha are also considering taking up this initiative.

Anti-discrimination

Training for police forces on human rights and minority issues.

Local actions include: legal support and information on rights; Encour­aging Roma women to participate in public life and the protection of the rights of Roma children through improvement of parental capacity and care.

 

GREECE

Education

Policy incentives implemented to increase school attendance via two programmes – ‘Education of Roma Children’ and ‘Roma Children in Macedonia and Thrace’

Employment

Implementation of Local Integrated Programmes for Vulnerable Social Groups (TOPEKO).

Continuation of 29 Support Centres for vulnerable groups, including Roma

Health

Focus on preventive healthcare, mainly on vaccination

Housing

Three regional integrated pilot programmes with an infrastructure component.

Anti-discrimination

The Greek Ombudsman has created a separate office for Roma issues.

 

ITALY

Education

Measures planned to reduce early school leaving rate in Campania, Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily.

National project launched in 2013 in­volving 13 large municipalities, aimed at increasing school attendance of Roma children in primary and second­ary schools

 

Employment

Promoting vocational training and job orientation.

The national working group on labour has been developing projects targeting Roma people and aiming to prevent early school leaving, integrating migrants, fighting undeclared work, promoting access to services, promot­ing self-employment.

Creation of a national integration website to improve access for foreign nationals to services such as educa­tion, work, housing and childcare.

Health

The national health system provides universal access to healthcare (including Roma people), prevention and uniform criteria for quality services throughout the country.

Additional financial allocations in 2012 and 2013 to a national health institute, created to improve migrants’ health and to fight poverty-related diseases.

Project “TroVARSI” – Vaccinations for Roma and Sinti – started in 2013, and aims at better protecting Roma children from diseases that can be prevented by ordinary vaccination.

Housing

Efforts to overcome the “camps-sys­tem” were made in various areas of the country.

Anti-discrimination

The ‘Campaign Dosta! 2012-2013’ aims at raising awareness and com­bating anti-Roma prejudice.

 

SPAIN

Education

Pre-school education

Support to enrol Roma at 0-3 years, with priority given to families at risk of social exclusion.

Family awareness and support for the participation of families in school, as well as the training of young people as teachers.

Promotion of work, family and personal life conciliation.

Primary and secondary education

Boosting of mediation programmes between families and schools, encouraging the incorporation of male and female Roma professionals.

Boosting of Reinforcement, Guidance and Support Programmes, in order to avoid absenteeism and early school leaving.

Strengthening of accompaniment measures for the transition from primary to secondary education.

Strengthening of the participation of Roma students with learning difficulties or specific support needs in IPQPs (Initial Professional Qualification Programmes) or in CDPs (Curricular Diversification Projects).

Fostering of measures to avoid the concentration of Roma pupils in certain schools or classrooms.

Post-obligatory education

Boosting of labour orientation programmes to prepare for the move from secondary school to professional training and accompaniment in transition phases between school years and stages.

Fostering of university access measures for the Roma, including the promotion of grants programmes.

 

Employment

Development of specific programmes to train Roma people at risk of exclusion, simultaneously facilitating access to normalised training programmes for access to employment.

Fostering these programmes to reach out to companies, enabling agreements and paid internships

Encouraging new technology training (ICT) for Roma

Encouraging actions to promote access to continual training for male and female Roma workers

Encouraging informative actions on the obtainment of qualifications and professional certificates (by acknowledgement and accrediting of unofficial professional experience and training).

Health

Fostering of policies and actions aimed at reducing health inequalities suffered by the Roma and other population groups, with priority for children, adolescents and young people, with the inclusion of the gender aspect.

Reorientation of health services towards equality, in terms of areas for promotion and the prevention of diseases and healthcare assistance.

Inclusion of specific targets to reduce inequality and attention to diversity of normalised services in the National Healthcare System

Boosting promotion of lifelong health and, particularly, in Roma children and adolescents, including the establishment of active measures.

Housing

Promotion of the classification of “renewal areas for the eradication of sub-standard housing and slums” for slum settlements and sub-standard housing identified in studies

Encouragement for integral intervention programmes, in the process of re-housing, that favours training for the use and maintenance of housing, the implication of persons affected in all phases of the process, labour occupation and the use of community and education services; boosting the use of Structural Funds (art. 7.2 of the ERDF Regulations)

Search for dignified solutions for homeless or evicted families or those living in condemned buildings.

Anti-discrimination

Promotion of the effective application of European and Spanish legislation against discrimination, the fight against racism and hate crime, applying recommendations of the Council of Europe in terms of antidiscrimination and anti-Roma attitudes to Spain

Strengthening of cooperation with the State Council for the Promotion of Equal Treatment and active participation of Roma organisations

Elaboration of information and awareness materials that address reducing and eradicating the discrimination suffered by Roma

Development of training for civil servants and other key players, particularly legal professionals, the police service, public service and resources professionals and media professionals

Fostering of information, training actions and programmes for Roma, for awareness and knowledge of rights and duties

The establishment of extraordinary measures for Roma women victim of multiple discrimination

The performance or studies and reports that reveal the situation of discrimination of the Roma community (Panel on discrimination of the State Council for the Promotion of Equal Treatment)

Support for programmes and services that provide guidance, accompaniment and legal advice to victims of discrimination (Victim support network).

Special assistance for discrimination of Roma people originating from other countries and the guarantee of their rights.

PORTUGAL

Education

Improved access to education and healthcare through awareness-raising activities.

Vocational training courses.

Promotion of social inclusion amongst children.

Employment

Tailored training to facilitate access to employment and self-employment

Health

National Health Service provides care to Roma through mobile units.

Housing

Survey on the housing situation of Roma communities in 308 municipali­ties

Anti-discrimination

Consultative Group for the integration of Roma communities.

National Study on Roma communities.

Programme for Municipal Roma mediators.

Awareness raising campaigns.

Roma Women seminars.

HUNGARY

Education

Obligatory pre-school attendance from age 3 will be introduced in the 2014- 2015 school year.

Enrolment rate of Roma children in pre-school has risen and is now high at 79%.

Measures to encourage participation, including cash incentives and the extension of Sure Start Children Centres. These centres offer a range of services such as early childhood development, parental counselling, educational programmes for both children and their parents in the most disadvantaged micro-regions, primarily in localities with ghetto and segregated areas.

Employment

Actions aimed at increasing the employability of disadvantaged groups with emphasis on gender.

Roma mentors in Public Employment Services.

Health

Healthcare measures to reduce inequalities, including preventive health care.

Special focus on early childhood development (e.g. screening tests) of youth and Roma women.

Awareness-rising campaigns among Roma.

Housing

Systematic approach with the long-term objective of addressing segrega­tion. Cities are now legally required to prepare a Local Equal Opportunity (Desegregation) Plan as a condition for obtaining financial support.

European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) supports integrated housing projects for Roma and other marginal­ised communities.

Anti-discrimination

Financial support to municipalities provided under the condition that they observe the principles of equal treat­ment and desegregation.

Amendment of the penal law related to violence against the members of ethnic communities.

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