Inversion -emphatic structure

18 Δεκέμβριος 2013

Inversion –emphatic structure

Sheila is planting flowers in the garden.

It is Sheila who/that is planting flowers in the garden.

It is flowers that Sheila is planting in the garden.

It is in the garden that Sheila is planting flowers.

Jogging keeps me in shape.

It is jogging that keeps me in shape.

Jogging is what keeps me in shape.

I need a holiday.

What I need is a holiday.

A holiday is what I need.

Greg tuned his guitar.

What Greg did was (to) tune his guitar.

Stay a little longer.

Do stay a little longer.

Who told you my secret?

Whoever told you my secret?

Exercises

1 Jane moved to Montreal in 1970.

It was in 1970 that Jane moved to Montreal.

It was Montreal that Jane moved to in 1970.

It was Jane that moved to Montreal in 1970.

2 David made dinner last night.

………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………..

3 Eddy painted the fence this afternoon.

……………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………….

Rewrite the sentences putting emphasis on the underlined words.

1 Where did you meet John?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

2 Steve wrote this song.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

3 What made you react like this?

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

4 Why did you call the police?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

 

Fill in the gaps as in the example.

1 “I have a terrible cold”.

“So do I.

2 “I didn’t go to the party last night”.

“Nor………………………I stayed at home instead”.

3 “We went shopping yesterday.”

“So…………………………..We bought lots of gifts”.

4 “I’ve got some good news”.

“So…………………….I’m getting married”.

5 “I didn’t pass the test”.

“Nor……………………………… I could have studied harder”>

6 “I can play the guitar”.

“So…………………………..I’ve got an Ibanez”

 

Rewrite beginning with the underlined item.

1 The rain came down.

2 The actors came onto the stage

3 The window cleaner climbed up the ladder.

 

Rewrite using the words/phrases given.

1 I have seldom driven at such a high speed.

Seldom………………………………………………………………………..

2 She had no sooner fallen asleep than the telephone rang.

No sooner………………………………………………………………………………………….

3 I have never heard such a fantastic melody before.

Never before……………………………………………………………………………………..

4 The weather has rarely been so cold.

Rarely…………………………………………………………………………………………………

5 I got to love the song only after listening to it several times.

Only after…………………………………………………………………………………………………

6 If I had been invited to the party, I would have gone.

Had……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

7 He had barely finished the project when the teacher called him.

Barely…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

8 The woman didn’t know that her beloved one was a married man.

Little ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

9 You must not unlock the case under any circumstances!

Under…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

10 I haven’t seen such beautiful scenery anywhere.

Nowhere……………………………………………………………………………………………..

11 I remembered my keys only after I had closed my door.

Only…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

12 We didn’t notice the time until it was too late.

Not until………………………………………………………………………………………………………

13 There is no way I can forgive him after what he’s done!

In no way………………………………………………………………………………………..

14 He is a brilliant actor and a talented musician as well.

Not only………………………………………………………………………………………………..

15 We could only get there on time only by taking a short cut.

Only ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Complete with “How”, “What a(n)”, or “What”.

1…………………………a boring film!

2 ………………………..fast Jenny runs!

3 ………………………………clever dog!

4 ……………………………….slowly he drives!

5 ……………………………….absorbed she looks!

6 …………………………….sparkling eyes she has!

7 ………………………………generous man John is!

 

Question Tags

1 Let’s have a gig in Japan,…………………? 

2 She won’t give up,……………………..?      

3 Nobody congratulated her,……………………?

4 I am pretty, ……………………………?

5 There are no cabs here,  ………………………………?

6 Open the bottle, …………………………….?

7 You’ve met before,  ……………………………….?

8 Somebody sent you a message, ………………………….?

9 You’d rather pick this job, …………………?

10 She’d better watch TV, ………………………………?

11 Let me introduce you, ………………………?

 

Use “so” or “neither”

1 “I’d love to visit Canada”      “………………………………………………..”

2 “ I should cut down on sugar”   “………………………………………………………..”

3 “I like playing the blues”      “…………………………………………………………………”

4 “I will go shopping this weekend”  “…………………………………………………………….”

5 “I’ve never heard such nonsense”   “……………………………………………………………”

 

 

gerund-infinitive exercises

2 Απρίλιος 2013

Key word transformations

1 Jacks teacher made him learn the poem by heart.

was Jack ……………………………the poem by heart.

2 “No, I didn’t read your diary”, he said to her.

denied He……………………………………..her diary.

3 Why y so much for a ring which is not gold?

worth It……………………………….so much for a ring which is not gold.

4 My parnts don’t let me watch thrillers.

allowed I …………………………………thrillers.

5 I wish I had bought a house rather than a flat.

rather I ‘d …………………………………………………………..a house than a flat.

6 Chris ould rather drink tea than coffee.

prefers Chris……………………………………….coffee.

7 Can you please close the window? It’s cold in here.

mind Would…………………………..the window? It’s cold in here.

8 That puzzle was difficult for me to solve.

difficulty I ……………………………………..that puzzle.

9 This cocoa is so hot that I can’ drink it.

too This cocoa………………………………….drink.

enough This cocoa is not…………………………….drink.

10 I have trouble understanding him.

difficult I ………………………………………………..him.

They do’t let people eat in the library.

allow They don’t………………………………………..in the library.

They don’t……………………………………………in the library.

More exercises…………………..gosh!

1 Sorry,  I didn’t mean……………………..(interrupt) your meeting.

2 We regret……………………(inform) you that your credit card has not been accepted by our computer.

3 Did ou remember………………………(call) the babysitter for tonight?

4 I’ ll never forget………………………..(win) my first award.

5 I really regret……………………….(buy) those expensive shoes! They hurt my feet!

6 If the mixture doesn’t stick together well ,try………………………(add) a alittle water.

7 She told us her theory and went on …………………..(explain) the details.

8 I don’t remember………………………..(leave) the lights on in the house!

9 She stopped ………………………(watch) horror films because she could no longer sleep.

10 Colin went on ……………………………(study) for two more hours after his friends had left the library.

11 Tim’s mother objected to……………………..(have) a dog in the house.

12 We intended ……………………………..(go away) this weekend but the bad weather ruined our plans.

13 Why are you so reluctant………………………..(talk) to him? He is an easy-going fellow.

14 He is such a hilarious guy, I simply can’t help ………………………(laugh) at every utterance he makes.

15 The teacher suggested that Ian …………………………(resit ) the exam.

16 We could see people ………………………………(swim) in the river.

17 ……………………….(join) a club is the ideal way of meeting new people.

18 Andy seems………………………(paint) the house all day.

19 Meredith appears …………………….(work) at the moment.

20 Mike claims………………………(be) half Irish.

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