Author: Kristof Van de Keere (Belgium)
|Title of activity:||The Swing Game|
|Science Content:||Physical Science|
|Target Concepts/Skills:||Physical properties related to the behaviour of a pendulum, e.g. periodic time of swing for a pendulum of different weight, length of string etc.The projection of a swing when oscillating can also be included.|
|Target Age group:||3-5 years old|
|Duration of activity:||45 minutes to carry out a selected inquiry investigation|
|Summary:||Children in small groups start the activity with exploring the swing game (game with a swing and cones). After this exploration phase, children are confronted with specific scientific problems concerning the swing game. For example: If you want to make a swing game, then you need a good swing. What is a good swing? And what can the rules for the game be? How can you make such a game of your own?
Different research questions can be part of the activity while children build their own swing! Which swing takes the longest time back and forward?
|Objective and learning outcomes:||Children have the opportunity to explore and study the properties of a swing/pendulum.
By the end of the activity children would be able to:
· Carry out with guidance, systematic observation, questioning, planning and recording to obtain evidence;
· With guidance, plan and execute a simple experiment to test inquiry question;
· Identify some principles of swings by executing experiments with the swing game: length of string make it swing slower, heavier bob has greater impact on hitting objects etc.
|Resources:||· Swing from which the length of the rope can be changed. (eg with duplo blocks)
· Different weights that one can easily attach onto the swing (see worksheet in attachment)
· Different materials that can be used for the swing to hit;
· Worksheet that accompanies the inquiry process (see attachment)