During the partners meeting in Poland all of the partners presented the evolution of educational system of each country.￼
In each country the education has changed year after year. Education went through a progressive evolution that is still happening today. Having watched all the presentations there are some conclusions.
We can notice that in all the countries the education is changing year after year however these changes are on the a similar level. The first similarity concerns the school’s life. Discipline was much harder than nowadays, Turkey claims “School had prison like discipline and it wasn’t making education better”, Portugal says “Teachers used to apply physical punishment, students were forced to pray and sing the national anthem every morning at school”. In Poland children had to follow the rules, for bad behavior they had to stay long hours after compulsory classes, or the teacher could beat them with a ruler.
The second similarity is on the educational level. In the past most of the children finished only the primary school, only few continued their education in high school. The education was expensive so only few could afford it and a small number of students studied in universities.
Another similarity is that boys and girls took classes separately in the past, in Poland for example girls took part in many practical classes only for girls, such as: cooking, sewing, knitting. For boys there were the following classes: carpentry, animal breeding, farming.
With regard to school clothes in all countries all pupils were forced to wear school uniforms. In Poland school uniforms had to be in white and dark blue color, with a white collar and school shield on it.
In term of technology there are no diversities among all countries: in every classroom there were old – fashioned desks, inkwells, counters, books were grey and ugly (not everyone could afford them), teachers and students used blackboards and chalks to write.
Nowadays everything has changed, democracy brought freedom to modern world. As Portugal says: “ Teaching is more liberal” because education is compulsory and free for everyone, regardless of social status, teachers can’t use physical punishment, student’s don’t use school uniforms, schools are beautiful and colorful with access to the Internet. Now everything is easier “ People give importance to education. Teachers want to teach. We buy various books. We do experiments in Science lessons through animations. Most of the students study in universities” – as Turkey said. In modern school classrooms have multimedia items – computers, whiteboards, tablets. In modern world we have more freedom than in the past.
Commemorative Photo – 1980 – Female Senior High School of Xanthi.
All high schools are separated (male/female). Next year they will all become mixed (1981). The Female Lyceum will be the 2nd Senior High School (2nd Lyceum).
Students of Primary School No. 5 in Dąbrowa Górnicza – 1959-1960 school year. Students in traditional school uniforms from the mid-twentieth century; In the classroom there are traditional wooden desks and a coat hanger (there weren’t cloakrooms in the past).
Izmir Saint Joseph French College, Secondary School, 2nd class students with music teacher and their class teacher,in 1949. With the preparatory class, the school was for 4 years and only the boys could go to that school. Almost all lessons were studied in French.